BIOL 230

Gary E. Kaiser, Ph.D.

My BIOL 230 Lecture E-Text is a complete set of lecture notes, illustrations, animations, and performance objectives for the lecture portion of my sections of Microbiology. For more information about the Lecture E-Text see the Preface. Please click on the unit you wish to view.

You will be learning a lot of new terminology in microbiology. To help you with pronunciation you may wish to download one of the following apps:

Microbiology Pronunciations App for Android

Microbiology Pronunciations App for iOS

Link to common useful biological prefixes and suffixes. Knowing some of these prefixes and suffixes can make learning new words easier.



Lecture E-Text Table of Contents


Unit 1: Introduction to Microbiology and Prokaryotic Cell Anatomy

I. Introduction to Microbiology: Basic Groups of Microbes; Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells; The Three Domain System.

II. The Prokaryotic Cell: Shapes and Arrangements of Bacteria; Prokaryotic Cell Anatomy.

Unit 2: Bacterial Genetics and the Chemical Control of Bacteria

I. Bacterial Genetics: Horizontal Gene Transfer; Quorum Sensing, Pathogenicity Islands, and Secretion Systems; Enzyme Regulation.

II. Using Antibiotics and Chemical Agents to Control Bacteria: Modes of Action for Control Agents; Bacterial Resistance to Control Agents.

Unit 3: Bacterial Pathogenesis

Bacterial Pathogenesis: Virulence Factors that Promote Bacterial Colonization; Virulence Factors that Harm the Body.

Unit 4: Eukaryotic Microorganisms and Viruses

I. The Eukaryotic Cell: Eukaryotic Cell Anatomy.

II. Fungi: Yeasts; Molds; Fungal Pathogenicity; Control of Fungi.

III. Protozoa

IV. Viruses: Characteristics of Viruses; Size and Shapes of Viruses; Viral Structure; Viral Classification; Viral Life Cycles; Viral Pathogenicity; Control of Viruses.

Unit 5: Innate Immunity

I. Innate Immunity

II. Introduction to Adaptive Immunity: Antigens

Unit 6: Adaptive Immunity

Adaptive Immunity (Humoral Immunity; Cell-Mediated Immunity; Immunodeficiency; Hypersensitivity)

Unit 7: Microbial Genetics and Microbial Metabolism

I. Microbial Genetics (Proteins and Enzymes; DNA and DNA Replication; RNA; Protein Synthesis; Mutation; Horizontal Gene Transfer)

II. Microbial Metabolism (Bacterial Growth; Energy Conversions in Bacteria; Cellular Respiration; Photosynthesis)


Content for BIOL 110 Molecular Genetics Review Take Home Exam

Lab Manual

Gary E. Kaiser, Ph.D.
Professor of Microbiology
The Community College of Baltimore County, Catonsville Campus
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Based on a work at

Creative Commons License

Last updated: August, 2018
Please send comments and inquiries to Dr. Gary Kaiser

Please send comments and inquiries to Dr. Gary Kaiser