Fig. 1: Pairing of Homologous
DNA molecules and Exchange of
DNA Segments by way of Rec A Protein
1) A DNA endonuclease inserts a nick in one strand of the donor DNA. 2) The nicked strand is separated from its partner strand by proteins functioning as a helicase. Molecules of single-stranded binding protein (yellow) then bind. 3) Rec A protein then binds to the single-strand fragment and promotes base pairing of the donor DNA with the recipient DNA (crossing over). 4) The linked molecules are separated by resolvases, enzymes that cut and rejoin the cross-linked DNA molecules.