Peptidoglycan monomers are synthesized in the cytosol of the bacterium where they attach to a membrane carrier molecule called bactoprenol.
The bactoprenols transport the peptidoglycan monomers across the cytoplasmic membrane and helps insert them into the growing peptidoglycan chains.
After the bactoprenol inserts the peptidoglycan monomer it is transporting, it loses a phosphate group on its way back to the cytoplasmic membrane to be recycled and pick up another monomer.
Illustration of the Synthesis of Peptidoglycan Monomers and Action of Bactoprenol,
Step 4 .jpg by Gary E. Kaiser, Ph.D.
Professor of Microbiology, The Community College of Baltimore County, Catonsville Campus
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://faculty.ccbcmd.edu/~gkaiser/index.html.
Last updated: July, 2018
Please send comments and inquiries to Dr. Gary Kaiser