Fig. 5: Penetration of HIV into
binding of a portion or domain of the HIV surface glycoprotein gp120 to a CD4
molecule on the host cell induces a change in shape that brings the chemokine
receptor binding domains of the gp120 into proximity with the host cell chemokine
receptor. This, in turn, brings about a conformational change that exposes a previously
buried portion of the transmembrane glycoprotein gp41 enabling the viral envelope
to fuse with the host cell membrane.
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