Fig. 14: Capsules Blocking the Unenhanced Attachment of Bacteria to Phagocytes

Glycoprotein molecules known as pattern-recognition receptors are found on the surface of phagocytes. They are so named because they recognize and bind to pathogen-associated molecular patterns - components of common molecules such as peptidoglycan, teichoic acids, lipopolysaccharide, mannans, and glucans - found in many microorganisms. Capsules can cover up these surface molecules preventing their attachment to the endocytic pattern-recognition sites on the phagocyte.

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